At the initial stages of design, the architect should aim to keep the position of a shear wall or group of walls symmetrical along the building axes to avoid excessive torsional forces. From the overall building analysis, a combination of lateral, vertical and torsional forces is then transferred the shear walls or cores in order to start with the element design.
There are various methods to carry out the design of shear walls:
1. Hand Calculations – This is the most laborious procedure where an elastic analysis would require computation of the shear wall cross-sectional properties. Design iterations would require all the computations to start from scratch thus resulting in a lengthy value engineering process;